A History of Citroen

Manufacturer In France
The great French commercial man Andre-Gustave Citroen launched the foremost mass-production automobile sector outside USA. It was in the year 1919, that this auto-giant came into existence. Simply, within a short span of eight years, it headed to its listing as the Europe’s largest automobile company and ranked fourth in the world’s automobile commerce. Citroen is noted for its newest and innovative technologies in automobile history. The company has immensely justified its caption of ‘Creative Technology’.


Citroen has a broad valid history, which when cherished still remarks the brand, as the world’s most reliable and exotic car provider. We are fascinated to see the recent cars by Citroen, but we should take a look on its slow innovation that made a steady progress. Then we would definitely be acknowledged in the fact that Citroen worked as an auspicious wonder of the world at the early 20s, when anyone barely thought that such cars could ever be a subject of invention.

Citroen DS

Early Years of the Auto-giant

Andre-Gustave Citroen, the founder of the company, was engaged in building armories for France during the World War I. In the post-war period, the genius operated a factory but without any emphasis on a particular product. In the year of 1919, the commercial sector started hosting automobiles, making its establishment with the TYPE A (conventional). Jules Salomon, the CDO (Chief Design Officer) from Le Zebre took care of the layouts of TYPE A.
A daring marketing strategy was put into action by Citroen, the Eiffel Tower was used as advertising place, showing the illuminated name of the company. He conducted expeditions on his brand over large parts of Asia and Africa, involving journalists and scientists.

The American engineer, Edward G Budd, who was already successful after his contribution to the mechanism in the early 20’s, developed a commercial relationship with Citroen. With his assistance, Citroen introduced the foremost European complete steel-bodied car, the B-10 in 1924.

The model received a successful market status, but the contemporary manufacturers of the wooden car established a tough competitive sphere to Citroen by changing their designs. Citroen overcame this competitive sphere, and its sales never achieved a lookdown. The cost-effectiveness of Citroen was the major factor that accommodated to its huge sales, but initially, Citroen did not make enough profits and suffered losses.

Citroen’s introduction of Rosalie and Traction Avant rescued the situation with the implementation of new automobile technologies. However, things didn’t start very well. The production cost of these two models was initially much higher than the other models and this destroyed the company’s finances. In the year of 1934 Citroen filed for bankruptcy. At that time, Michelin Company being the biggest creditor of the company, decided to become its biggest shareholder, buying out the business. However, with Michelin’s cooperation, there led to a huge market acceptance of Traction Avant and finally, the company mended its losses. The manufacturer Andre-Gustave Citroen passed away in 1935, and Pierre-Jules Boulanger became the VP and the head of design and engineering department.

Segment of Citroen’s landmark from the early 20’s-60:
• 1924: B-10
• 1933: Rosalie, a diesel engine equipped passenger car.
• 1934: Traction Avant
• 1954: hydro pneumatic self-leveling suspension technology (world’s foremost)
• 1955: Citroen DS (a revolutionary vehicle with a sudden and foremost emergence of disc brakes)
• 1967: Introduction of swiveling headlights in variant Citroen car models (noted the first introduction of swiveling headlights).

Meeting Demand Of People
The way Citroen paved its way for a remarkable establishment in the automotive industry can be concluded as its concern to the public requirements. If you consider the Citroen’s automobile aspects from the long 20’s – 60’s, you can see that how the auto-giant intended for revolutionaries to suit the vehicle necessities of the masses. In fact, the auto-giant never dismissed this follow up and continue so, which makes it one of the most well adored car brands of the 21st century.
The current year is marked as the 93rd anniversary of Citroen.

This was a brief early history of Citroen. After Michelin’s era, the auto-giant’s history follows the PSA era. In the present year, Citroen is still engaged in introducing the latest automobile innovation and has switched on to the luxury cars, the racing vehicles, alongside maintaining its simplicity and cost-effectiveness. The company’s market strategy and acceptance are still formulated on ‘giving the mass what they desire.”