Hewlett Packard’s History – HP Was Started In A Garage By David Packard and William Hewlett

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In the beginning, a tiny garage in Palo Alto, California, where two young and determined men created unique and visionary products while instituting a style of business management that revolutionized business strategies forever.

David Packard and William Hewlett graduated from Stanford in 1938, in the midst of Depression era unemployment. As Packard later reflected, “Bill and I were brought up in the Depression. We weren’t interested in the idea of making money. Our idea was if you couldn’t find a job, you’d make one for yourself.” And, so they did.

Starting Up

 

Starting in a neighborhood garage with $538 in their combined pockets, a used drill press, and a few ideas, their story begins. On New Year’s Day in 1939, Hewlett and Packard flipped a coin to determine whose name would appear first when identifying their company. When Hewlett won, Hewlett-Packard was born. Packard always fascinated with wireless radio, even in grade school spent countless hours tinkering to improve function and receptivity. His early experiments fueled his passion and curiosity, eventually leading him to fellow enthusiasts, Hewlett. Together, in that small garage, their first resistance-tuned oscillator was produced.

The garage where HP was started. Source: © BrokenSphere / Wikimedia Commons

Taking off – their first resistance-tuned oscillator

Hewlett Packard’s initial resistance-tuned oscillator used both positive and negative frequency feedback, modulating interaction between acoustic speakers and the area of their output, a room, for example. Their design provided a thermally stable linear response to eliminate feedback and modulate tone from source to receiver. To moderate and amplify wide frequency ranges with high power output was truly state of the art.

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HP’s first big customer

Meanwhile, another entrepreneur, Walt Disney, was preparing to dazzle the entertainment industry with his new film, Fantasia, an incredible combination of animation and symphonic sound. In 1938 a Disney engineer heard of Hewlett Packard’s 200A audio oscillator, marveled at its pure tone, and requested that they alter the instrument to accommodate the brilliant acoustics of Fantasia. For a modest price of $71.50 per unit, the modified design became the 200B audio oscillator and was purchased by Disney for installation in twelve specially equipped theaters selected to show the film. The word was out.

Within a year, their garage was bursting at the seams, and in 1940, Hewlett Packard moved into its first official space in Palo Alto, California. Hewlett Packard, ranked 40th of Fortune 500 companies in 2013, still calls Palo Alto home. The advent of World War II spurred momentum for Hewlett Packard, whose audio oscillators were in hot demand for use in radar and counter-radar military measures. The founders’ contributions did not stop with business matters. Bill Hewlett served as a U.S. Army officer from 1941 until 1947 and Dave Packard, personifying the “good corporate citizen” model, served on the Palo Alto School Board, and, from 1969-1971 as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense.

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Going Public

The logo of Hewlett Packard Company, source: en.wikimedia.org